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With the naming of Element No., 116 as Livermorium, the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory and the city of Livermore joined a short list of places with elements named after them. The full list:
Americium -- America, the Americas
Berkelium -- University of California at Berkeley
Californium -- State of California and University of California at Berkeley
Copper -- Likely named for Cyprus
Darmstadtium -- Darmstadt, Germany
Dubnium -- Dubna, Russia
Erbium -- Ytterby, a town in Sweden
Europium -- Europe
Francium -- France
Gallium -- Gallia, Latin for France. Also named for Lecoq de Boisbaudran, the element's discoverer (Lecoq in Latin is gallus)
Germanium -- Germany
Hafnium -- Hafnia, Latin for Copenhagen
Hassium -- Hesse, Germany
Holmium -- Holmia, Latin for Stockholm
Livermorium -- Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories and Livermore, California
Lutetium -- Lutecia, ancient name for Paris
Magnesium -- Magnesia prefecture in Thessaly, Greece
Polonium -- Poland
Rhenium -- Rhenus, Latin for Rhine, a German province
Ruthenium -- Ruthenia, Latin for Russia
Scandium -- Scandia, Latin for Scandinavia
Strontium -- Strontian, a town in Scotland
Terbium -- Ytterby, Sweden
Thulium -- Thule, a mythical island in the far north (Scandinavia?)
Ytterbium -- Ytterby, Sweden
Yttrium -- Ytterby, Sweden
Livermorium (Lv) is an artificially produced transuranium element of atomic number 116. In 2000, scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, and the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in Livermore announced the production of atoms of livermorium when curium-248 was fused with calcium-48.
In June 2011 the discovery of element 116 was recognized by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP). The discoverers named it livermorium after Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in December 2011, pending approval by IUPAC.
-- Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica and chemistry/about.com.