While rising to chief technology officer for Magellan Navigation in the 1990s, Anatole Lokshin pioneered the use of the global positioning system in everyday life, bringing the satellite-based technology to boats, cars and eventually cellphones.
Now, running a startup with his son, the Huntington Beach inventor wants to latch sophisticated motion sensors onto surfboards, skateboards, snowboards and regular clothing.
Data collected by Lokshin's sensors could separate pros from posers in sports that typically emphasize imprecise metrics such as style points.
In the long run, the precise data collected by a device, about the size of a Reese's peanut butter cup, could improve athletic training, speed injury recovery and motivate people to live healthier lives.
"I was lucky to participate in one revolution, and now I believe this will be a second one," Lokshin, 61, said. "Sensors will be everywhere."
Three years ago, Lokshin and his son David founded AlpineReplay in a bid to make "action sports shareable and comparable." They built a smartphone app that enables skiers and snowboarders to measure their speed, distance and jumps -- and share all of that almost instantly on social media.
People including teenagers and retired 50-year-olds loved the added competition and became loyal users. Hundreds of thousands of people have recorded more than 2.5 million jumps at 14,000 resorts.
But Lokshin knew a dedicated tool with higher-quality sensors could provide more valuable feedback and better withstand rugged -- or wet -- terrain.
They engineered Trace, a "shockproof, waterproof and durable" rubber-covered plastic pod that looks like a hockey puck. It locks into a mount glued onto sports equipment. Inside the pods are sensors, a computer processor and a micro-USB-charged, seven-hour battery.
An accelerometer tracks acceleration and tilt. A gyroscope measures rotation. A magnetic sensor gives absolute direction. A thermometer adds weather to the equation. And of course, there's an advanced GPS chip. When connected to a computer, Trace uploads the sensor readings online.
The technology's magic is taking the conflicting and messy data each sensor provides and ironing it into graphics a 5-year-old could understand.
"What we're doing that's unique is figuring out what trick you've done and how you've done it and telling you in the terms you like and the language you use," Lokshin said.
The Trace code can already identify skateboard tricks such as ollies and kickflips.
Like hand-held GPS, Trace marks an evolution of military technology built to keep submarines and missiles on course, for example. Putting GPS in everyone's hands became a $20 billion industry. Lokshin is hoping to engineer a similar wave with the inertial sensors.
The company, which goes by the marketing name ActiveReplay, is raising funds from the public through crowdsourcing website Kickstarter to manufacture 2,000 Trace pods, with plans to ship them next spring.
The expected retail value: $149. But ActiveReplay might be able to minimize the cost and instead charge for the statistical analysis service.
Lokshin grew up in the Soviet Union before immigrating to the United States in 1979. After graduating from USC in 1989 with a master's degree in electrical engineering, he started his career hunting for intelligent life in space and working on the Mars rover project at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
But he wanted the faster pace of working for a company that develops products. As he explained it, "building a new product every six months or dying."
He arrived at Magellan's San Dimas engineering center barely understanding GPS satellite technology. But he left having been one of the first people to write the code that turns latitude and longitude coordinates into the sleek digital maps that many now use daily.
Lokshin said the public didn't recognize GPS in 1993. Yet Magellan had a vision of its being everywhere. About four years ago, he recognized that the dream had been realized and eyed sensors as the next hot market.
"If you think about Facebook or whatever you do online, it's so focused on our mental life -- what we talk about," Lokshin said. "Sensors would allow us to show what you are actually doing -- an objective way to map our lives without having to do any talking."