The first hearing begins Tuesday in an Istanbul court. A prosecutor seeks life in prison for former military chief Lt. Gen. Gabi Ashkenazi and several other top officers.
It appears unlikely that the sentence could be carried out in the event of a conviction. Israel describes the trial as a legal sham aimed at stoking anti-Israeli propaganda.
Israel has rebuffed demands from Turkey, a former ally, to apologize for the attack on the ship and to compensate those killed as a precondition for normalizing relations.