Child bicycle safety tips:

1) Properly fitted helmets and pads. Make sure the helmet fits snugly, and that it does not rock side to side. If needed, purchase sizing pads to assure a snug fit on your child's head. The helmet should sit two finger widths above your child's eyebrow. Make sure the helmet does not block your child's ears, as it is important that your child be able to hear people and cars. Make sure all knee and elbow pads are fitted snugly, but do not restrict your child's movements.

2) Adjust bicycle to fit. The seat should be level and flat, to prevent your child from slipping off. The seat should be adjusted to allow a slight bend in the knee when the leg is fully extended on the low pedal. The handlebar should be adjusted to the same level with the seat.

3) Inspect your bicycle. Inflate tires properly. Check brakes and light(s).

4) See and be seen. Wear neon, fluorescent, or bright colors when riding. Wear reflecting materials or flashing lights.

5) Bicycle control. Always ride with at least one hand on the handlebars. Carry all items in a bicycle carrier or backpack when possible. Make sure your hands are free to maneuver the bicycle in any situation.

6) Road hazards. Avoid potholes, broken glass, gravel, puddles, leaves, animals or anything that can cause a crash.

7) Go with the flow of traffic. Ride on the right and in the same direction as other vehicles, and not against them.

8) Obey traffic laws. Obey all traffic signs, signals and lane markings as you would if you were driving a vehicle. Ride in bicycle lanes when possible. If riding with your child, have them always ride closest to the curb.

9) Yield to traffic. If there is no stop sign or traffic signal and you are coming from a smaller roadway (driveway, sidewalk, bike path, etc.), you must slow down and look to see if the way is clear before proceeding. This means also yielding to pedestrians who have already entered a crosswalk.

10) Be predictable. Ride in a straight line, not in and out of cars. Signal your moves to others before you make them.

11) Stay alert. Use your eyes and ears. Be on the lookout for obstructions in your way, such as cracks in the roadway, grates, railroad tracks or anything that could make you lose control of your bike. Do not wear headsets when you ride.

12) Look before turning. Stop your bicycle and look in the direction you are going to turn. Look behind you for traffic and signal with your hands. Make eye contact with drivers and make sure they acknowledge you.

13) Watch for parked cars. Be careful when riding around parked cars to avoid unexpected movements, such as opening doors or cars pulling out from the curb.

14) Cross with care. When you reach a crosswalk or an intersection, stop at the corner, get off your bike, look left and right, then walk your bicycle across the street.

15) Map out the routes. If you know your child will be riding a bicycle by themselves and know where they will be going, map out the safest route. Review the route with your child, citing hazards and how to deal with them.

Source: Brentwood Police Officers Association