SACRAMENTO -- Gov. Jerry Brown's latest funding proposal for California's public colleges and universities remains largely unchanged from the plan he released in January: gradual funding increases in exchange for flat tuition and a commitment to graduate more students faster.

The University of California and California State University would receive increases for the second year in a row, part of a four-year plan to boost state appropriations for each segment by up to 20 percent.

Brown proposes giving more money to California's community college system as well, including $50 million for a workforce development program to expand career technical education.

"We applaud Gov. Brown's continued commitment to help more students attend California community colleges and succeed," said California Community Colleges Chancellor Brice Harris in a prepared statement. "The additional funding for career technical education will help colleges enhance, retool and expand workforce education programs that are regionally focused to better address labor market needs. After years of trimming career technical education programs because of budget cuts, this $50 million increase will translate into more skilled workers and economic growth."

The state cut its higher education support dramatically during the Great Recession and budget crisis. UC and campus officials have argued that the additional money, while welcome, is not enough to cover rising pension and health costs, let alone enroll more in-state students, who are being turned away in record numbers.

The state spends 40 percent less on each UC student and 36 percent less on each CSU student than it did 10 years ago in inflation-adjusted dollars, according to a report released last week by the California Budget Project.

This year, UC is asking for nearly twice the increase outlined in the governor's budget for the upcoming year -- an additional $125 million to expand, hire more faculty and defray some of the university's pension costs, said spokeswoman Dianne Klein.

But asked at a news conference about university funding, Brown said universities would have to adjust to their new fiscal reality. "They're going to have to have a serious conversation with the professors, the staff, of how you lower the cost structure," he said, or tuition will rise.

It appears CSU and UC will continue the tuition freeze this coming academic year.

The 4-year proposed increase would boost the universities' operating budgets -- which include tuition and fees -- by about 10 percent by 2016-17.

Brown says he expects the universities to use the money to get students through college more quickly -- in four years instead of five or more -- and to increase graduation rates.

His proposal would also support the Middle Class Scholarship program, which was part of last year's state budget. It will offer sliding-scale discounts of up to 40 percent on UC and CSU systemwide tuition and fees for families who earn $150,000 or less and don't qualify for Cal Grants, which support lower-income students.

The scholarship money is scheduled to begin this fall and to be fully funded -- barring a state deficit -- by 2017.

Follow Katy Murphy at Twitter.com/katymurphy.