Ye Meng Yuan, a 16-year-old Chinese student visiting California, was lying near the wreckage of the airplane and covered with fire-suppressing foam on July 6, 2013, when a fire truck ran her over at San Francisco International Airport. The San Mateo County coroner later determined Ye was still alive when she was struck.
The lawsuit was filed Wednesday in San Mateo County Superior Court, according to a report by the San Francisco Chronicle. The suit reportedly claims some firefighters spotted Ye lying on the ground but failed to check on her or make other first responders aware of her location.
Anthony Tarricone, an attorney representing Ye's family, and his law firm did not respond Wednesday to calls and emails. He told Bay Area News Group last year that the Fire Department failed to protect the girl once she was off the plane.
"We know that several firefighters saw her and knew she was there before she was covered with foam," Tarricone said. "They inexplicably abandoned her."
San Mateo County District Attorney Steve Wagstaffe declined in October to pursue criminal charges against the firefighter whose rig crushed the girl, calling her death a "tragic accident." Wagstaffe said at the time it was unclear how she wound up on the tarmac -- whether she was ejected from the plane or carried out.
Matt Dorsey, a spokesman for San Francisco City Attorney Dennis Herrera, declined to comment Wednesday, saying his office hadn't seen the lawsuit yet.
Ye was one of three people -- all teenage girls from China -- to die in the crash, which federal investigators blamed in part on inexperienced pilots who undershot the runway, causing the rear section of the jetliner to strike a sea wall.
The Fire Department has apologized to the families of the dead teenagers, but challenged the coroner's finding that Ye was still alive at the time she was struck.
The Associated Press contributed to this report. Contact Aaron Kinney at 650-348-4357. Follow him at Twitter.com/kinneytimes.